Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, August 1929 of the World Records

The Universal Negro Improvement Association is an international African-American fraternal and philanthropic organization founded in 1914 by Marcus Garvey. Originally designed to promote Pan-Africanism, it later developed into a radical political organization which advocated the repatriation of blacks to Africa. The UNIA, Inc. split into separate factions following the deportation of Marcus Garvey to Jamaica in 1927, and in 1929 Garvey officially denounced the UNIA, Inc. operating out of New York and established the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, August 1929 of the World (“UNIA-ACL 1929”). This latter organization has been headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio, from 1940-1949 and from 1975 to the present (2014). In 2007, both UNIA organizations held a unification conference and have operated as a single organization since that time. The collection consists of agendas, articles of incorporation, by-laws, charts, constitutions, correspondence, a death certificate, dues books, financial documents, flyers, lists, maps, membership applications and cards, minutes, newspapers, newspaper clippings, notes, photographs, press releases, reports, resolutions, and statements.

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