African-American Community Politics and Racial Equality in Cleveland Public Schools : 1933-1973

This dissertation challenges the presumption that from 1933 to 1973 Cleveland African Americans held a monolithic viewpoint on race and public education by unveiling the multiple voices and approaches that characterized school reform. It charts the political lineage of African Americans’ struggles around school reform in Cleveland by examining the social background, political position, and ideological debates among the major black players.