Gilbert Moses and Richard Murphy

Moses discusses the genesis of his interest in civil rights and his plan to found and operate the Free Southern Theater. He discusses Du Bois’s theory of African Americans’ double-consciousness and describes the importance of “Negritude,” which he characterizes as a sense of racial pride among African Americans. Moses discusses southern whites’ culture and whether attitudes toward race are changing…

Richard Gunn

Gunn lists several Cleveland companies that employ and promote African Americans, and he also discusses black-owned businesses within the city. Gunn considers the current leadership of the civil rights movement, both in Cleveland and elsewhere, and he describes participation in recent school boycotts around the country. Gunn discusses the quality of public education in Cleveland and suggests that equalizing educational…

Ruth Turner

Turner discusses the reasons she decided to leave teaching and devote herself fully to CORE (Congress on Racial Equality). She states that events in Birmingham had a profound effect on her decision. Turner Describes the role of the “white committed” in the civil rights movement. She explains her views on why blacks in Cleveland are not organized as they are…