BACKSTORY: Significance of June 12
In accordance with the plea bargain struck between his lawyers and the prosecutor, Al Capone was to have plead guilty to a handful of the indictments against him and spend a maximum of two-and-a-half years in prison. However, US Districy Court Judge James H. Wilkerson had other ideas. In response, Capone's lawyers withdrew his guilty plea and a full trial was then scheduled. Suspecting that Capone had bribed the jury, Judge Wilkerson impaneled a second one that heard his case. On June 12, 1931, Alphonse Gabriel Capone was indicted on 23 counts of income tax evasion. Judge Wilkerson found him guilty of five of these counts and sentenced Scarface to 10 years in a federal prison and fines in the amount of $50,000.
Max Allen Collins' Road to Perdition. Art by Richard Piers Rayner and lettering by Bob Lappan. New York: Pocket Books, 2002.
Patrick Culhane's Black Hats: A Novel of Wyatt Earp & Al Capone. New York: WIlliam Morrow, 2007.
Mike Thompson's Curse of Al Capone's Gold. Detroit: Five Star, 2008.
Kenneth Tucker's Eliot Ness and the Untouchables: The Historical Reality and the Film and the Television Depictions. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2000. PN1992.77 U58 Y83 2000.